Elizabeth Btackwell was born in England in 1821, and moved to New York City when she was ten years old. One day she decided that she wanted to become a doctor. That was nearly impossible for a woman in the middle of the nineteenth century. After writing many letters asking for admission (录取) to medical schools, she was finally accepted by a doctor in Philadelphia. She was so determined that she taught school and gave music lessons to get money for the cost of schooling.
In 1849, after graduation from medical school, she decided to further her education in Paris. She wanted to be a surgeon, but a serious eye problem forced her to give up the idea.
Upon returning to the United states, she found it difficult to start her own practice because she was a woman. By 1857 Elizabeth and her sister, also a doctor, along with another woman doctor, managed to open a new hospital, the first for women and children besides being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital, she also set up the first medical school for women.
6.Why couldn’t Elizabeth Blackwell realize her dream of becoming a surgeon?
A. A serious eye problem stopped her
B. She decided to further her education in Paris
C. It was difficult for her to start a practice in the United States
D. She couldn’t get admitted to medical school
【答案】A。她做不成医生就因为眼睛的问题“She wanted to be a surgeon, but with a serious eye problem so she give up”。B项指她决定要到巴黎深造。C项指的是对她来说在美国开始这个很难。D项指她没有办法到医学院上学，与文意不符，排除。因此答案选A项。
7.What main obstacle (障碍) almost destroyed Elizabeth’s chances for becoming for a doctor?
A. She couldn’t graduate from medical school
B. She wrote too many letters
C. She couldn’t set up her hospital
D. She was a woman
【答案】D。就是因为她是女生，起初she want to be a doctor, that was nearly impossible ,后面还有她回到美国，she found it difficult to start her own practice，都是因为性别的问题。A项说的是因为她不能毕业，不符文意，排除。B项指的是她写了很多信，不符，排除。C项指的是她没有办法开办自己的医院，不符文意，排除。因此答案选D项。
8. How many years passed between her graduation from medical school and the opening of her hospital?
A. Nineteen years
B. Ten years
C. Thirty-six years
D. Eight years
9.According to the passage, all of the following are “firsts” in the life of Elizabeth Blacekwell, except that she ( ).
A. and several other women founded the first hospital for women and children
B. was the first woman doctor
C. set up the first medical school for woman
D. became the first woman physician
【答案】B。First 出现了那么多，文段中有first physician, first medical school, hospital，但惟独没有她是第一个女医生。定位到文段A项“being the first woman physician and founding her own hospital”，符合。C项“she also set up the first medical school for women”符合。D项“being the first woman physician”。因此就是B项没有提及，因此答案选B项。
10.Elizabeth Blackwll spent most of her life in ( ).
A. the United States
C. New York City
【答案】A。英国出生，10岁时去了new york city, 接着去了Paris,最后在美国实现了自己的抱负。因此把自己大部分的时间都花在美国了。因此除了美国之外的答案不符，选A项。